I’m not a big believer in Web 2.0. Your opinion may differ, but the word “Web” is a fancy catch-all phrase for the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP, the protocol used for transferring information between a Web server and your Web browser) and the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML, the markup language that tells your browser how to display whatever text, graphics, etc is coming through the HTTP “pipe”). Over at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), there actually are versions of these protocols. HTTP for example is still on version 1.1 and has been since 1999. The most recent of HTML (version 4.01) is just as old. There is something over at the W3C in draft mode called XHTML which is now at version 2.0 and has relevance to the future Web. But a one-to-one mapping of it directly to Web 2.0, especially when you consider how many things have been dropped into the Web 2.0 bucket that don’t use XHTML, doesn’t work either. استمر في القراءة The Top Ten differences between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0
Transferring Your Files with FTP
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) enables computers to transfer files across the Internet. FTP is intended to enable users to exchange files, while shielding them from the complexities of using different systems (such as Windows, Macintosh, and UNIX). If you’ve ever clicked on a Web page link that downloaded a file to your computer, FTP was possibly the mechanism that transferred it. (HTTP, the protocol used to transfer Web pages, also supports file transfer.) FTP is typically the protocol that Web developers use to upload Web pages to a remote server. Both computers in an FTP exchange must have FTP software installed on them to perform the
transfer. استمر في القراءة Transferring Your Files with FTP
Create a Global Structure
You have previously used a Web browser to view the pages of a site. In order to make this possible, the browser must have been able to recognize not only the fact that the files you viewed were Web pages, but the browser must have also been able to identify defined containers within the file. In this topic, you will create these identifying containers and save the file as a Web page format that the browser will recognize.
Without entering the logical containers that will hold the text and graphic content of your Web page and saving your file with the correct extension, the Web browser won’t be able to recognize any of your files as Web pages. To prevent the major failure of your Web pages, you will need to identify the file as a Web page and enter these identifying containers. استمر في القراءة HTML lesson 1